When you are purchasing that engagement ring for your special someone, it is important to know more about the 5 Cs. It is much easier to purchase a diamond when you take the time to use the 5 Cs, so let's take a closer look at each of them and find out more about how they are relevant to your shopping trip.

Color:
When the color of a diamond is rated by a jeweler, they will rely on a letter system. D through Z are used to rate the diamonds, as D is used to describe a diamond that is colorless, while Z describes diamonds that are brown or yellow in hue. There are other diamonds with more distinctive colors that are referred to as "fancy diamonds". Engagement ring shoppers tend to opt for white color diamonds, those who wish to select a more individualistic color scheme have plenty of options available to them.

Cut:
The cut of a diamond refers to the way that it sparkles in the light. The sparkle is derived from the method in which it is cut, specifically the polish and the durability. Stones that have been properly cut will allow the light to shine through every facet. When shopping for an engagement ring, be sure to avoid stones that have been cut in a manner that is too shallow or too deep.

Clarity:
To find the diamond with the highest level of purity, you'll need to strongly consider the clarity. Diamonds will often come with flaws, such as bubbles, scratches and additional minerals trapped inside. The less incisions the diamond contains, the higher the level of clarity. The highest level of clarity is flawless, while those who wish to save a few dollars can select a diamond that are internally flawless or something from the VVS category.

Carat:
Every carat has one hundred points and carats are used to refer to the diamond's size. A half carat diamond is called a 50 pointer, but when it comes to shopping for an engagement ring, bigger does not always mean better. While a two carat diamond may be larger than a half carat, this diamond may not have the same cut or clarity as a smaller one. A small, clean diamond will typically cost more than a larger one that is poorly cut.

Certificate:
To be truly confident in the integrity of the stone you choose, you'll want your jeweler to provide you with a diamond certificate. The certificate is a precise document that guarantees the diamond's true value. The certificate is a report that is issued to the purchaser and it is based on a a professional gemological analysis. The certificate states the aforementioned four Cs in writing, comments on all of the diamond's characteristics and includes a detailed sketch.